Humayun's Tomb




Humayun died in 1556, and his widow, Hamida Banu Begam, also known as Haji Begam, began construction of his tomb in 1569, fourteen years after his death. It is the first distinct example of proper Mughal style, which was inspired by Persian architecture. Humayun known that picked up the principles of Persian architecture during his exile, and he is likely to be designed from a tomb, although there is no trace of this effect. Tomb was built in cost of 15 lakh rupees (1.5 million). Ghiyath Mirak Mirza, a Persian, was an architect employed by Haji Begam of this tomb. Tomb of the feet right in the middle of the garden square, divided into four beds of platforms (charbagh) at its center, which was a shallow water channel.


                                                High rubble built enclosure is entered in two high double-layer gateway to the west and south. Baradaran (pavilion) is located in the center of the east wall and the hammam (Division) in the middle of the north wall. sandstone structure in Red Square, double-layer corrugated corners of the mausoleum rises to 7-ft. High square terrace, raised more than a series of cells, which are available, the arches on both sides. Tomb of the right in the middle of this complex cell can point to the south. Octagonal Chamber of Commerce is a memorial, and the sides in a diagonal angle of lead of the subject, which houses the tombs of other royal family members. Externally, on both sides of the tomb of the rise adorned with marble boards and panels, is dominated by three arched niches, the middle is the largest. Above the roof pillars are destroyed kiosks strongly about the high double dome in the center.


                                              Each party is dominated by three arches, the center is the highest. This plan is repeated on the second floor as well. The cupola roof double (42.5 million) of the marble pillars kiosks (chhatris) placed around it. The mausoleum is a synthesis of Persian architecture and Indian traditions, the former illustrated by arched niches, corridors and double dome height, and the second by the kiosks, giving it a pyramid scheme in the distance. Although the tomb Sikandar Lodi was the first garden tomb to be built in India, Humayun's tomb, which established a new fashion, the culmination of what the Mahal in Agra. There is also a little boost of humanity behind these two buildings and built by a woman dedicated to her husband and the other by an equally or more devoted husband to his wife.